Absent in the national issue, the state of Mexican prisonsTake out the colors of the Government again. The National Human Rights Commission says it in its report on the prison system 2019. In state prisons where many of the prisoners in the country live, overpopulation, overcrowding and different levels of self-government persist .
According to the report, the state of the prisons hardly varies with respect to the dysgnotic of the previous year, or of the previous one of the previous one. Data corresponding to the national rating of prisons in the country reveal that Mexico obtained 6.75 on an evaluation scale of 0 to 10.
Violence, quarrels and riots are common in penalties. Just a few weeks ago, a riot in a Zacatecas jail left at least 17 dead, mostly former hitmen of the Sinaloa Cartel and the Gulf.
It is also impressive that the trend in prisons is about an insufficiency of programs for the prevention of human rights violations and attention in case of detention.
The problems arise mainly in the state prisons of Tamaulipas , with a rating of 5.42; Guerrero , with 5.92 and Veracruz with 5.94. In practically all of them there is a deficient separation between men and women, deficiencies in health services, insufficient security and custody personnel, in addition to the existence of self-government, which the diagnosis of prison supervision describes as the “exercise of authority functions exercised by people deprived of liberty. "
In Tamaulipas, where the “yeta zeta” controls a large part of the penalties, only the Altamira Sanctions Execution Center reached a rating of 6.16, considering that it complies with a large part of the rules that allow a large part of the inmates to guarantee their rights.
The city of Matamoros qualified with 5.43, while Nuevo Leredo with 5.38, Ciudad Victoria with 5.22 and Reynosa with 4.91.
Altimara has a capacity of 1,534 spaces for men and 26 for women. It has a population of 751 men and 27 women.
The border state is governed by the Nelson Mandela rules , which state that the State must take advantage of the period of deprivation of liberty in order to achieve, as far as possible, that those released after joining society, after leaving prison , can live according to the law and keep the product of their work.
ince 2017, the Guerrero entity has assumed a role in the worst qualified criminals in the country.
In the entity one of the worst killings occurred when a quarrel in the Acapulco prison resulted in the death of 28 people. At that time, the events revealed a series of irregularities such as self-government, corruption and complicity of the custodians with the inmates.
In the score table of the diagnosis made by the National Human Rights Commission, the score of the criminals in Guerrero was 5.92. He established that among the problems detected in prisons is overpopulation, overcrowding, deficiency in health services, and inadequacy in programs for the prevention of addictions and voluntary detoxification.
Even with the arrival of Cuitláhuac García to the Veracruz government, the jarocha entity remains one of the three entities with the worst prisons in the country.
For years, in the prisons of that entity problems have been detected about the population, the lack of programs for the prevention of violent incidents, the poor material and hygiene conditions to accommodate the inmates, as well as poor separation between defendants and sentenced.
The CNDH highlights the case of the State Center of Poza Rica where inmates carry out or participate in activities of the authority, that is, conditions of self-government. Also, evidence that Veracruz lacks a female prison.
Against part of the entities with the worst qualified criminals, there are those with a better diagnosis such as Querétaro, Tlaxcala and Coahuila. The latter houses one of the Rehabilitation Centers (Cereso) that Los Zetas hitmen used for their criminal operations in 2011.
It was the Cereso de Piedras Negras , where in addition to the sale of drugs and extortion, the extermination of rivals reigned. The prison also served as a refuge for the heads of the last letter cartel, and recruitment center: the hitmen elected their new members.
The end of Topo Chico
Last September, the history of the Social Reintegration Preventive Center (Ceprereso) “ Topo Chico ” ended . Throughout 76 years it was the scene of multiple episodes of violence, blood and death .
It was a war zone, a disputed territory for Los Zetas and members of the Gulf Cartel ; it was a shelter of Santa Muerte , a place for rituals and devilish cults; It was a state prison for high-profile prisoners, from public officials with black police records, to pickled bankers and murderers who inspired iconic films such as " The Silence of the Innocents ."
The Ceprereso de Topo Chico - located in the city of Monterrey , Nuevo León - opened its doors as a state prison in 1943. For seven decades, it concentrated the prison population of Baja California , Mexico City , the State of Mexico , Jalisco , Nuevo León , Puebla and Sonora .
The last census of the National Security Commission , corresponding to 2015, estimated that there were 3,965 inmates in a place planned for 3,885. Therefore, overpopulation amounted to 200 inmates. It would not be the first or the only prison , in Mexico, with overcrowding problems and its difficulties were greater: extortion , kidnappings , confrontations , quarrels and the biggest massacre of prisoners , registered in a Mexican prison.
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