While criminal groups like Los Zetas and the Gulf Cartel have lost power between 2014 and 2017 with the capture of their leaders, the Pacific Cartel, even without its leader Joaquín Guzmán Loera, El Chapo, has gained more force.
According to information from the Attorney General's Office (PGR), in the last four years there are nine cartels that have a presence in 20 of 32 entities, and although in 2014 they accumulated 43 criminal cells or gangs, by 2017 the number was reduced to 36, representing a decrease of 16.2 percent.
Although the Knights Templar did not have criminal cells in 2014, they now have two in Michoacan: Los Tena, led by Fernando Cruz Mendoza, alias El Tena , and the other cell headed by Homero González Rodríguez or Gonzalo González, nicknamed El Gatillo ; even with that, the group has lost power.
Previously this cartel was in nine entities: Michoacán, Guerrero, Guanajuato, Morelos, State of Mexico, Jalisco, Colima, Querétaro and Baja California; however, according to recent PGR data obtained through transparency, it is now only found in Michoacan, despite its two cells.
This criminal group lost much of its presence after the capture of some of its leaders considered as priority objectives of the government, like Servando Gómez Martínez, The Tuta, apprehended the 19 of September of 2014; Dioninsio Loya Plancarte, The Uncle , captured on January 27, 2014, and Gregorio Abeja Linares, who fell on August 20, 2013.
Los Zetas, one of the most bloodthirsty cartels that not only traffics drugs, but is dedicated to extortion and kidnapping, is another group that has been weakened, since in 2014 it had presence in Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, Tamaulipas, Tabasco and Guanajuato, and is currently only in Tamaulipas, which contests with the Gulf Cartel.
In addition, after the collapse of Heriberto Lazcano, El Lazca in 2012, and the apprehensions of Miguel Angel Treviño, El Z-40 , and Mario Ramirez Treviño, both in 2013.
Also the capture of Omar Treviño, the Z-42 , in 2015 has debilitated to the group since to have seven criminal cells and only has three: Operative Group Los Zetas, Operative Group Zetas and Zetas Special Forces.
The information from the National Center for Planning, Analysis and Information for the Fight against Crime of the PGR states that the Gulf Cartel, although maintaining its presence in Tamaulipas and Quintana Roo, has also been slowed down mainly in the first state with the disarticulation of six criminal cells.
Likewise, compared to 2014, in the middle of the six years of the current federal administration, the New Generation Jalisco Cartel lost its presence in Mexico City, but maintained it in eight states.
Unlike the latter, the Pacific Cartel, although El Chapo, its top leader, was recaptured on January 8, 2016, has regained strength since, having only eight cells in 2014, now adds 10.
This has made it possible for this cartel, under the leadership of Ismael "El Mayo" Zambada, and the sons of Guzmán Loera, Archivaldo and Jesús Alfredo, to have strengthened, since it has a presence in seven states.
Although more than three years ago they lost their cell called La Barredora , located in Guerrero, they began operations in Sonora with Los Salazar and Los Memos , and in Baja California Sur, with Del 28 .
These groups joined the list of seven with the Pacific Cartel has extended its territory as it has presence in Chihuahua with cells New People , Los Cabrera , The Murderers Artists and Los Mexicles ; Meanwhile, in Durango, with Los Cabrera and CARTEL del Poniente or Los Bardales and Sinaloa, with Gente Nueva.
While in Baja California, the cartel of El Chapo has the support of the groups El Aquiles and El Tigre , and in Coahuila, also with the Cartel del Poniente or Los Bardales .
In spite of a decrease in the number of cells of the criminal groups and the weakening of these, there are still nine cartels that have a large presence in the country and which maintain disputes over the control of places in each region.