On April 12, 2019 (nearly a year ago) I read an article in Valor por Tamaulipas. Created in 2012 by unknown people in Mexico, VpR acts as a news website constantly reporting shootouts, kidnappings, murders, narcomantas, cartel-related messages, risk situations... The person or people running VpR control an official website and two accounts in Facebook and Twitter. In my opinion it´s extremely useful and although sometimes the contents are extremely brutal and presented in some sort of Vigilante-style, VpR articles most of the time differ greatly from those published in El Blog del Narco and other similar places which in the end make apology of the narcos using extremely disgusting sexist, sentimental or pink-press styles and language.
The article published on Valor por Tamaulipas on April 12, 2019 showed several photos taken with a cell phone from the screen of a laptop. According to the person writing the article, VpR had received a message from a supposed member of a Special Forces unit who had participated on December 18, 2018 in an assault to a Gulf Cartel safe house in the city of Gustavo Diaz Ordaz. The criminal group was Los Metros, one of the several criminal cells forming a constellation of entities constantly using the CDG brand since at least 2012. The photos showed partial snapshots of several spreadsheets containing financial data about expenses and revenues obtained by the group during the months of May, June, July, August, September, November and December 2018. There were 6 pics: 4 detailed expenses and 2 detailed revenues. About the expenses, two of them showed payroll payments to Administrative, Proteccion Civil, Federal Police and Army (SEDENA) personnel. The two other expenses spreadsheets showed money used to purchase communications equipment and to pay for medical treatment for Los Metros personnel. The issue becomes much darker and sinister when talking about the two revenue images. One shows profits apparently coming from the sales of stolen oil or huachicoleo. The last image shows profits coming from organ trafficking. The document doesn´t show the whole amount of sales but only depicts 18 payments totaling $196,900 (from a total of $203,800) from several organs such as livers, hands and human skin. I have read several articles and heard several stories about organ trafficking in Mexico. Most of them are sensationalist, deliberately vague, short of evidence or directly fake. Organ trafficking is possibly the most unknown and obscure field among illicit markets. References or rumors about this terrible commerce are common and they usually refer to events happening in Asian countries. BB users have written in the past several posts about this issue and although I agree with them in the sense that several criminal organizations in Mexico do have the infrastructure needed for entering this market no one has ever been able to support this statement with evidence or real accepted facts. I don´t want to contribute to rumor spreading or to fake news promotion. It´s possible that this info and pics are just a hoax coming from somebody such as a rival gang (Los Rojos or the Cartel del Noreste) or from a bored guy with basic excel knowledge. Therefore I´ll examine and analyze the documents always pointing out what data might be real and what might be false. I´ll also write about the organ trafficking trying to rely on the scarce real info about this insane market I have access to. The content of VpT article was posted in BB but only two users discuseed it, so I think there´s still space to debate this issues in the Blog. What I´ll do is to post a recreation of each excel spreadsheet and discuss/analyze the information it provides explaining the current situation of the illicit markets involved. Hope you find it useful
Personally, I don´t like gruesome posts. Beheading, torturing, burning, etc, have been practices used since Mesopotamian times and in my opinion to have a good insight about what´s going one in Mexico one doesn´t need to daily feed from the catalogue of atrocities perpetrated by cartels. BUT hiding these facts and violence would also mean to fall into complicity with the structures and people (if they can be called so) who are turning Mexico apart, so in the end it´s a matter of covering your nose and penetrating into the horrible sewage system filled with corpses, guns, drugs, corruption and dirty money where you might be able (or not) to find the truth.
Here´s a link to the VpT where you can find the original photos:
AN INTRODUCTION TO CDG´s CURRENT SITUATION:
I´m not an expert on the Gulf Cartel history but I´ll try to sketch how things are now in the Frontera Chica for these guys. After Osiel Cardenas Guillen was captured in 2003 the cartels´ daily operations fell into the hands of some of Osiel´s borthers (Tony Tormenta and Mario Cardenas Guillen) and some close associates (mainly Jose Eduardo Costilla Sanchez aka El Coss) During this time lapse the fracture between the Gulf and the Zetas became definitive and the war between the former partners detonated virtually destroying Tamaulipas and spreading through the whole country (during the first years affecting particularly Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and Veracruz) Nearly two decades before (during the 1990´s) the Gulf cartel had established several groups in Tamaulipas in an effort to diversify its staff. As far as I know three were three main groups: Los Metros with headquarters in Matamoros, Los Lobos at Nuevo Laredo and Los Rojos in charge of Reynosa.
Tony Tormenta had been Osiel´s successor and was killed in Matamoros in 2010. It´s around this time that two main factions can be distinguished inside the Gulf cartel (although I suppose that the factions were there before Tony Tormenta´s death) There apparently was a faction of the cartel which sided with the Cardenas family (after Tony Tormenta´s death his brother Mario Cardenas Guillen aka El Gordo took his position inside the organization) This faction was Los Rojos. The second and most powerful section Los Metros were controlled by Costilla Sanchez aka El Coss. The infighting between Los Metros and Los Rojos has been constant since 2012 and I´m not able to point out the exact moment but the murdering of Reynosa plaza boss Samuel Flores Borrego aka Metro3 from Los Metros on September 2011 might represent a hint. Apparently two leaders from Los Rojos faction (Juan Mejia Gonzalez aka R1 and Osiel´s nephew Rafael Cardenas Vela aka El Junior) killed Metro 3 because they blame him for Tony Tormenta´s murder a year before. Since 2012 the brutal fight between these two groups has been constant and at some points extremely confusing since there was at least a second split inside Los Metros during 2017 when Petronilo Moreno Flores aka El Panilo apparently ordered the murder of Julian Manuel Loise Salines aka Comandante Toro provoking an alliance between Toro´s nephew Alberto Salinas aka El Betillo and Luis Alberto Blanco Flores aka El Pelochas. El Betillo and El Pelochas started fighting El Panilo who now had to face his old comrades and Los Rojos faction. The three of them would be captured or killed during 2018.
I haven´t been able to identify the main leaders from Los Rojos and Los Metros during most of the years between 2012 and 2020 (there are extremely good researched and insightful posts in BB about the infighting in the CDG and it requires a great deal of time to analyze al the names, nicknames, places and data showed on them) The thing is that by 2018 there were apparently 6 groups linked to the old Gulf structures (I won´t include the Gulf Cartel cells from the south: Los Pelones and Los Talibanes)
We have the groups aligned with the Cardenas family: Los Rojos (with headquarters in Matamoros), los Escorpiones (a cell created by Tony Tormenta during the 2000´s), Los Ciclones (led by Jose Alfredo Cardenas Martinez aka El Contador detained on 2019) and a fourth group called Los Fresitas operating in Tampico.
We then have the network of groups opposing Los Rojos: Los Metros (holding Reynosa) and Los Dragones operating in Tampico and southern Tamaulipas trying to eliminate Los Fresitas.
This two-group classification isn´t 100% accurate and doesn´t consider nearly 20 or so other groups in constant evolution and orbiting around the CDG brand.
Now I´m going to analyze the supposed Los Metros´ accountancy excel spreadsheets trying to make assumptions about how they have been performed or what do they represent. Since the real images are a bit blurred and out of frame I´ve replicated them using Excel but trying to respect their original structure and settings.
The first thing we must know is that according to the index of the excel documents it contains at least 9 different spreadsheets each of them containing expenses and revenues from different fields/sectors. There are spreadsheets for Nominas (payrolls), Tecnicos (technicians), Mecanicos (mechanics), Gasolina (gas), Autos (cars), Extras, T y Comida (T and food), armas (arms) and Hospital. From the 9 the available only show parts of the spreadsheets referred to payrolls, technicians, gas and hospital. The spreadsheet containing supposed human organs sales apparently doesn´t appear in the excel index. The use of excel spreadsheets isn´t a novelty for organized crime accountants. Although some organizations, still rely on manual bookkeeping writing down the entries and exits of cash (such practices are still common for several Sicilian criminal clans belonging to the Cosa Nostra´s Palermo mandamento) most illicit networks using professional accountants/money launderers do rely on this and other kinds of accountancy devices to track their operations and keep ordered and clean records in order to maintain their organizations fully operational. A good example of this can be the excel spreadsheets sketched by Jose Manuel Muñoz Luevano aka el Mono, the Zetas´ main accountant in Europe, which at the time of their seizure by Spain´s UDYCO recorded more than $50,000,000 in cocaine sales.
An extract of Muñoz Luevano´s (top Zetas accountant in Europe) excel spreadsheets representing $50 million in cocaine sales distribute through Europe
Organized crime is a business. Instead of dealing in magazines, clothing, ice creams, furniture or eatibles their members deal in drugs, guns, stolen oil, counterfeited goods or human beings. If legitimate businesses do have to rely on accounting records in order to consider the expenses and revenues which determine the obtained profit so do organized crime keep records of their expenses and revenues (sometimes, such as in this occasion, in a much better and by far more organized way than legitimate businesses do) CJNG, Sinaloa or Los Viagras are much more similar to Walmart or Oxxo than we are willing to accept.
According to the data they contain, the spreadsheets gather expenses and revenues derived from Los Metros activities in some municipalities of the Frontera Chica. Due to Tamaulipas ´strange geography, most of the neighboring State of Nuevo Leon´s territory which should be bordering the US is in fact part of Tamaulipas itself conforming a thin and long strip known as Frontera Chica (Small Border) This strip of land literally extends as Reynosa´s left arm, covering nearly 250 border kilometers comprising the municipalities of Nuevo Laredo, Guerrero, Ciudad Mier, Miguel Aleman, Camargo and Gustavo Diaz Ordaz. The one controlling la Frontera Chica controls 250 kms through which literally everything can be smuggled, from arms to drugs, including migrants, contraband and whatever one can imagine. The Carretera Federal nº 2 (commonly known as La Ribereña in the part crossing la Frontera Chica) goes parallel to the Texan border all along the strip of land and criminal groups use it as the way of infiltrating each others territories. The problem for Los Metros when controlling this strip of land and La Riberaña is that they are surrounded by enemies. At the east we find Matamoros, the base for Los Rojos and the Cardenas family. At the western extreme of la Frontera Chica is Nuevo Laredo which traditionally was the Zetas main base and stronghold. Nowadays it´s the Cartel del Noreste, ruled by Juan Gerardo Treviño aka El Huevo, the entity controlling Nuevo Laredo and it´s constantly sending units to the east trying to invade the municipalities controlled by Los Metros while at the same time Los Rojos, Los Ciclones and their affiliates conduct raids from the east into Los Metros territory. The data refers to Los Metros activities in the neighboring municipalities of Camargo, Ciudad Mier and Miguel Aleman. The huachicol revenues reflect gas apparently being sold at several towns of the State of Nuevo Leon. The laptop containing the excel document was supposedly seized at Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, so we can infer that the Los Metros cells whose financials we´ll be examining were operating at four of the 6 towns comprising the Frontera Chica.
POLICE/ARMED FORCES BRIBERY PAYMENTS:
This image shows 6 different payments for $147,150 apparently received by the Policia Federal, military personnel, Proteccion Civil, Administrative Personnel and two bodies identified as Guardias Metal (Metal Guards) and Guardias Morado (Purple Guards) The payments apparently have been done between a time lapse of 8 days, between May 7th and 14th (a mean of $18,393.75 per day)
After researching about CDG´s operations surrounding these four towns I think I finally know what Metal and Morado stand for. They´re code words for referring to municipalities. It´s a basic military tactic: a location or a concept is linked to an apparently innocuous word which is used through the radio frequencies. Metal is the code word for Miguel Aleman while Morado could be the code word for Ciudad Mier. In other spreadsheets the word Cromo is also used to refer to the unit of the city of Camargo.
Apparently the three cities have one Los Metros cell each and according to this info each of the cells would be paying money to the police (Guardias) stationed in each of the cities. Guardias Metal (from Miguel Aleman) received $67,400 and Guardias Morado (from Mier maybe) received $19,800.
The Federal Police was disbanded during the last days of 2019 and substituted with the Guardia Nacional. The PF have been known traditionally for their extremely corrupted and violent members. After Calderon reformed the unit (before him it was known as Policia Federal Preventiva) and sent it to the streets back in 2006 the PF immediately started negotiations with the criminal organizations in order to obtain the traditional bribes for not operating, operating for them or directly for providing the cartels with valuable intelligence info. The PF maximum director was Genaro Garcia Luna (captured last year for colluding with the Sinaloa cartel) It doesn´t seem surprising that elements of Los Metros were paying $50,000 per week to elements of the PF in the towns of la Frontera Chica. The data reflects a total bribe of $50,000 paid apparently to 15 individuals (which means $3,333.33 for each Federal Police) Attached to the Policia Federal reference there appears to be a mention to a guy called Comandante Naranja (Orange Commander) who could be either the CDG guy making the payments or the head of the corrupted PF unit. I haven´t been able to identify anyone known as Comandante Naranja in reports about Tamaulipas underworld.
In the case of the military personnel, the document only reflects a payment of $5,000 relating it to a place known as Colonia Linda. This mention could stand for Colonia Linda Vista, a neighborhood located at the center of Miguel Aleman, one of the hottest spots at la Frontera Chica. Apparently there´s a military barracks at the Colonia Los Guerra which is 5,7 km away from Colonia Linda Vista. We must recall at the quantity of the supposed bribe: $5,000. It´s a very little amount. The Mexican army ranks have traditionally been bribed by organized crime, but the high-ranking officials perceive exorbitant quantities. If Los Metros is bribing high ranking officials, they´re certainly not paying such a little amount of money but several tens or maybe hundreds of thousands. This $5,000 might be a payment done to a corporal, a sergeant and even to a lieutenant or maybe a platoon composed by a few privates, but not to officers.
The Administrativa seems to be some kind of word/term used to designate some kind of public servant. We all know how criminal organizations have permeated each layer of local, State or Federal administrations. Public offices in the Frontera Chica are constantly under observation if not infiltrated by members of organized crime. By controlling Public Offices, the cartels have access to several very useful resources. By controlling the Registro Civil or the Padron, for example, they can discover where do people live or who are the relatives of an objective. If a criminal cell can control a Registro Publico de Comercio delegation, they´ll have access to financial data about businesses and their owners. If they control the town halls, they can control not only the municipal police through the Mayor but also the machines used for issuing documentation such as ID´s or property certificates from the properties surrounding the town. In this case apparently Los Metros paid $2,700 to these Administrative personnel.
The Proteccion Civil is a civil aid service created in 1986 after the big 1985 earthquake which affected great parts of Mexico City. The National Sytem of Civil Protection (SINAPROC) was stablished precisely as a resource to be used in the context of natural tragedies such as floods, earthquakes, hurricanes, etc. Nevertheless since Mexico´s current nightmare aren´t earthquakes but narco-violence, the Proteccion Civil units are used in order to help citizens during the common panic situations created by criminal organizations when they start they turf battles turning cities and towns into virtual war zones. Apparently the Protección Cicil members received $2,250 from Los Metros. Which service can the Protección Civil members provide to organized crime? As far as I know they use pick-ups to move between towns and are frequently using communications devices in order to stay in touch between them. This communication network can be used by organized crime as an info. channel. Proteccion Civil members can be deployed as halcones while their walkie-talkies and resources can provide an alibi for being constantly wandering around using them.
WEEKLY AND BIWEEKLY PAYROLLS:
This spreadsheet contains data regarding several payrolls payed to two cells of Los Metros during the months of September, October and November (I´ll analyze only those regarding October for simplicity reasons)
What can we infer from these annotations? In my opinion either real or fake these excel spreadsheets were developed by somebody with basic bookkeeping knowledge. The use of columns and rows, of blue and grey for concepts, yellow for totaling results and red for quantities highlighting could be connected with the fact that the person in charge of auditing Los Metros´ cell might be a civil accountant, a civil servant or a self-employed businessman/woman with previous financial/accounting knowledge. I can´t imagine a Los Metros low-rank sicario managing this work. Most of cartels´ members spend most of the time either under the effects of drugs and alcohol. When we talk about Los Metros/CDG we must take into account that the majority of their members are young, poor and illiterate youngsters being recruited by the organization due to its dangerous and attractive aura (although there are also a lot of cases of recruitment by force or by intimidation, of course) This accounting is the work of someone with basic financial knowledge, not of a low-level Metro soldier.
According to the evidence being exposed here there are apparently two cells. One is called Guardia Morado and the other is referred as Guardia Metal (remember that the spreadsheet containing bribe payments including two payments for two units called Guardia Metal and Guardia Morado) In this spreadsheet there are two kind of payments: semanales (weekly) and quincenales (bi-weekly) The weekly payments are referred to the two units mentioned in the bribe-spreadsheet: Guardia Metal and Guardia Morado. Again, we can infer that both entities could be policemen working for Los Metros or two cells themselves controlling each of them several police members.
The bi-weekly payments take place at the middle (October 15th) and at the end (October 31st) of each month. One important detail is that the bi-weekly payments for Metal and Morado are structured under the name Nominas Quincenales Operativas which literally means Bi-weekly Functioning Payrolls. Thus, we can infer that these two bi weekly payments (of $107,200 and $105,800) are destined to cover the operational expenses of each cell (housing, food, gas, clothing and other daily expenses directly linked to the operational capabilities of Los Metros cells) The weekly payments would represent the money paid to the members of both cells. In other words, their salaries. The quantities range from $90,900 to $93,600. The fact that the payments remain constant during most of October might indicate that Los Metros´ expenses are pre-designed being assigned before the payments are done. This means that the payments aren´t random or disorganized but perfectly predisposed by those designing the cashflow among the cells composing Los Metros´ network.
In summary, each month these two cells would receive 5 payments. Two of them at the middle and at the end of the month being used for covering daily expenses. The other three would be obtained each week (or each 8/9 days) and would represent the cell´s members salaries. Just look at how these payment scheme resembles the regular Human Resource payroll of a normal and licit business. In the end both schemes represent the earning and expenses of businesses, legal or illegal.
COMUNICATIONS NETWORK EXPENSES
This spreadsheet shows expenses experienced by Los Metros cells while purchasing different elements of their communications network. This data needs to be explained so we must ask ourselves the following question: how do criminal cells communicate between them in Mexico?
Although the encryption services automatically provided by message platforms such as WhatsApp or Telegram are among the reasons why organized crime is increasingly using them in Latin America, most of the communications between cartel cells are channeled through the same communication systems used by the military or police forces. I´m not a communication expert, but it´s a proven fact that the involvement of heavily trained Mexican army personnel in the cartels ranks during the 1990´s meant that these people brought with them some skills learned during their service. Among these skills was the use of campaign radios and ultimately highly sophisticated PPT (Push To Talk) devices. Have you ever relied that when any cartel crew share some videos in instagram, twitter or facebook appearing with their guns and masks shouting stupid slogans and threats while listening horrible narcocorridos they always appear with a high-grade walkie talkie hanging from their shoulder? These walkie talkies are the devices they use in order to communicate between themselves. The Zetas were by far the criminal organization with the most sophisticated communications network. They even built their own permanent radio stations placing them in several spots all long Mexico and Central America.
During the 2000´s and the early 2010´s Mexican cartels started relying on NEXTEL services in order to use a cheap, safe and secure channel of communication. By the end of the 1990´s Nextel Communications started operating as a wireless mobile phone network provider by buying space at the 800 MHz frequency band. One of NEXTEL´s main benefits for criminal organizations was that it used iDEN (Integrated Digital Enhanced Network) technology. iDEN technology was developed by Motorola in the 1990´s and made it possible to create a network of users all of whom could be directly in contact by pressing a button on their remotes. Imagine I have 10 cells each of them controlling a busy neighborhood in Monterrey. I provide each cell with a mobile phone or a walkie-talkie (NEXTEL network allows access through several devices such as cellphones or WTs) integrated in the same NEXTEL channel. By directly pressing a certain button that NEXTEL devices incorporate the 10 cells/units can speak at the same time without having to communicate with them one by one. NEXTEL system allows 24/7 reporting and is the network used by the criminal cells and by some of their Halcones networks integrated by taxi drivers, tortilla vendors or directly kids through all Mexico. NEXTEL offers international coverage so criminals can keep in touch wherever they are as long as they stay in the same channel (the problem of using normal walkie-talkies bought in any IT store is that the communication/contact between devices is lost when the distance between them increases.
This spreadsheet shows several NEXTEL devices purchases as well as several IT-related payments (the purchase of a printer, a telephone and the reparation of a laptop) I don´t know if the currency at which expenses are expressed is the Dollar or the Mexican Peso. It could be both since you can´t buy 10 reliable NEXTEL devices for 3,300 MXP ($133 USD), but it´s not logic that a laptop reparation costs $400 USD.
According to the available information the Los Metros accountant would be so minimalistic that he/she recorded the expenses of each of the cells. Thus, on June 2 they buy an unknown number of communication devices identified as Romeos for $1,300. Two weeks later, on June 19, they buy 30 batteries for the Romeos being used by Operativa Morado for $4,200 and 7 converters for Romeos battery charging. This must mean that Romeos are walkie-talkies since these devices use batteries that can be charged through converters.
The accounts also reflect several expenses related to NEXTEL devices. On July 2 and 16 and August the 20 there are two $250 and one $120 payments for Transit Nextel battery charging (the 16th expenses are paid for devices located at Miguel Aleman) I don´t know what does the word Transito stand for here. It could refer to devices being used by Policia de Transito (policemen controlling traffic) or by people in charge of transiting the streets. Anyway, this is all highly speculative.
There´s a recorded purchase on July 16th of two unspecified IT devices for someone known as pezon and Metro 12. This pezon could be Comandante Pezon. This guy´s real name is Zenon Guadalupe Ruiz Ortegon and until the end of 2019 was the man in charge of Miguel Aleman (I´ve been unable to track them during 2020, he might be dead or alive, I don´t know)
In conclusion, Los Metros communication network relies on several devices such as cell phones and walkie-talkies most of which use the NEXTEL network in order to stablish contacts between them. These kinds of expenses are extremely well recorded, from the purchase of laptops, cell phones and walkie talkies to the acquisition of maintenance equipment such as batteries or battery rechargers. All of them are written down and kept for some reason.
This spreadsheet containing medical expenses is extremely insightful since it provides with names of high-ranking Los Metros bosses. For example, Comandante Patotas´real name is Jesus Chuy and he was the man in charge of Miguel Aleman until he was supposedly killed a month ago (February 26) in a clash with the army. On social media there are numerous people saying that he heavily bribed Federal Police, SEDENA and SEMAR personnel (remember the bribe spreadsheet) Another of the heavy-hitters would be Francisco Javier Longoria aka Comandante Tocayo, who is in charge of Los Comales, a little town located at the south of Camargo where he would be extorting local fishermen (Comales is located next to Marte R Gomez reservoir)
The payments show that Los Metros would be apparently be using their resources to pay for relatives´ healthcare. On June 21 one member of Los Metros sent his son to the hospital for $200. Also, Comandante Pincky´s (I have been unable to discover who this Pincky is) wife was hospitalized on October 27 for $2,250. There´s a third mysterious payment on August 7: Los Metros paid $500 for the treatment of a rancher.
Maybe the most interesting fact is the payment done on August 5th. A Los Metros Operativo (member) from Ciudad Mier received treatment for $16,000 in a place called Corpus Christ located in Camargo. This place can´t be no other than Hospital Corpus Christi, a private entity stablished in 2010 and located in the city of Camargo, one of Los Metros´ centers. The high amount spent there ($16,000) might indicate that the wounds suffered by Los Metros´ member must have been grave. The August 8th $16,000 must have been spent in the same place since the amount is the same, the man treated came from Ciudad Mier and Cromo is the code word used for Camargo (where Hospital Corpus Christi is located)
According to the guy who sent the spreadsheet pics to Valor por Tamaulipas this cash inflows or outflows (we don´t know if theses quantities are entering or leaving Los Metro´s cash deposits) represent revenues coming from organ trafficking. I want to be crystal clear about this point: until now NOBODY has been able to gather any kind of reliable evidence that demonstrates that there currently are criminal organizations dealing in organs in Mexico. The reports about this issue are partial and not supported by any real cases. Nevertheless, the level of violence and the increasing sophistication of Mexican criminal networks could facilitate this kind of market in Mexico.
Perhaps the most reliable source about illicit organ trafficking in Mexico came from Father Alejandro Solalinde, a good man (and follower of the Liberation Theology) who runs the Hermanos del Camino hostel network for aiding migrants. According to an interview he gave in 2015 during a trip to the US he was approached by FBI personnel who showed him evidence about several clinics in the northern border involved in the killing of migrants and extirpation of their organs. According to his statement FBI men showed him several photos of the corpses with the big holes used for organ extraction. He literally cited the Zetas as the main entrepreneurs in this market and added (and this is very interesting) that the Zetas had taught the Knigths Templar how to manage this industry. According to his revelations the business would be run by organized crime in the northern border by using kidnapped doctors and medical personnel and using Central and South American migrants as cattle, stashing them literally in bodegas and killing them when they received aa order from a client.
Another mention about organ trafficking was exposed a year before, in 2014, when Manuel Plancarte Solis, nephew of the Templario boss Enrique Solis Plancarte aka Kike, was detained in Michoacan. He was formerly accused by the Secretaria de Seguridad Publica of running an organ trafficking ring which kidnapped victims, took them to safe houses where an operating room was already in place and get their organs removed. In the end this story didn´t get anywhere. Not even a single evidence was formulated in order to demonstrate that these events happened. A lot of Mexican and foreign newspapers in order to attract attention and readers published the story with great headlines but just mentioning the capturing of Manuel Plancarte and his alleged relation with this horrible practice. But that was it.
If you search the internet you´ll find notices about kids disappearing in Cadereyta (Nuevo Laredo), apparently kidnapped by a network of traffickers led by a woman disguised as a nun, and then appearing in mass graves without organs. This is in my opinion pure bullshit. Not even a single evidence was presented. I´m not saying these kids didn´t disappear (they probably get kidnapped by some of the strong pedophile/prostitution networks operating through the whole country) but I don´t think they were kidnapped by organ trafficking networks.
HOW REAL ORGAN TRAFFICKING NETWORKS OPERATE:
Although organ trafficking is frequently related to urban legends/rumors it exits. It´s real. There are people profiting from extracting other people´s organs and selling them to other people. Most of these networks are in Asia. The situation there is terrible since the continuous existence of such a market has transformed organ trafficking into an almost semi-legal practice. Three countries concentrate most of this kind of cases (although you can find plenty of illicit networks in other places all around the region): India, Thailand and the Philippines.
The first kidney transplant was achieved in 1954. The first successful lung transplant happened in 1963 and it was the time of a heart in 1967. Since that moment, people desperate enough (or directly forced) have sold their organs to other people. Most of the cases were organs are extracted in Asia do happen because the donors seek the transplant for purely economic reasons (although some countries with death penalty such as China or Singapore use the execute prisoners´ organs) Desperately peasants, homeless people, disabled workers do not have another option but to sell a kidney, for example.
I´ve been able to gather a real case of organ trafficking happening in the Philippines. In Manila there´s a huge and dark shantytown called Tondo. When a man/woman/child from Tondo decides to sell a kidney, he contacts the right people who called for a medical team (from a private clinic) who goes to where the would-be donor is and carries a compatibility test. If the donor passes the test the medical team performs a surgery in the spot and pays with cash for the organ they immediately keep in good conditions. The kidney then can be sold in the Philipiness for local use or be sent to the outside for its use in other countries´ health systems.
There´s another practice quite common in India. Here you can find an even more disgusting character: the organ broker. This guy is constantly looking around for people in a hurry to obtain money. When the broker gets an organ order he mediates between the seller/donor and the medical institution performing the illegal surgery.
Could these practices be exported to Mexico? Yes. Is there any real evidence of these practices being put in practice in Mexico? Absolutely not.
What this excel spreadsheet shows are alleged transactions for several organs/body parts obtained from Contras (the term used by criminals in Mexico to designate the members of rival organizations) We must be very critical about this data since some of the organs being mentioned here aren´t very useful for the organ trafficking industry. For example, there are 4 human hands for $300 each. Although in some cases after being amputated a hand can be reinserted this surgery must take place immediately after the amputation. It´s almost impossible to preserve hands indefinitely waiting for an amputation to take place to reinsert a random hand into the client´s arm.
There are also 9 transactions (for $300 each) involving human skin, both from enemies and from finados (cadavers) It must be stressed that this might be the most plausible organ trafficking asset since its removal doesn´t need as much infrastructure as a kidney or a heart needs to be removed although it must be stored in a strict conservation way that might made its management quite difficult. The use of human skin is extremely common in plastic surgery (and plastic surgery is a discipline extremely popular nowadays, particularly in South America)
Maybe the scariest of the assets being apparently sold here are 5 livers (4 for $40,000 and 1 for $33,000. In illicit markets the prices can be as high as these) Again, we must handle this data with extreme care. After being removed a vital organ such as a hearth, kidney or liver needs a minimum flow of blood, certain levels of oxygen and must be preserved in a special container filled with something called Hypothermic Preservation Solution during a two-part phase known as Ischemia (divided into Hot and Cold phases) In order to perform such a surgery you need trained and skilled medical personnel, a rightful location in maximum hygiene conditions and appropriated medical/surgical instruments (it´s quite easy to buy them on the black-market) After being appropriately preserved the organ must be transplanted in a hospital or a clinic with the adequate resources. Most of the organ trafficking rings do not perform the transplant, they just obtain the organ at a very low price and then sell it to licit or respected institutions where the transplant takes place. Another thing you need when transplanting an organ is time. According to medical personnel consulted for this report a human liver can be preserved from 12 to 37 hours in the phase of Cold Ischemia, but after the initial 24 hours the complications start arising. There are two questions that must be addressed here. First, do Los Metros, a criminal cell from Tamaulipas, have the access to such infrastructure, material and trained personnel? And second, are Los Metros able to develop or integrate an organ trafficking network sophisticated and big enough to provide clients with organs in a 24 hs. time lapse?
I don´t have enough data to answer these questions and I really don´t want to create too much awareness about an issue that could be a hoax (remember that anyone could have done the excel spreadsheets) I really hope that by addressing this issue I contribute a bit more to clarify the current characteristics and structure of this market.
THE HUACHICOLEO REVENUES:
In my opinion this one is the most interesting spreadsheet since it reveals how criminal cells have penetrated Mexico´s grey market so deeply that they have monopolized every single profitable activity maintaining while doing so such level of order and discipline that sometimes the reality of illicit markets goes beyond theory (much of the current economists employed as university teachers should explain the basics of microeconomics by using Mexico´s cartels as real-life examples)
How does the Mexican oil-theft market work?
Although after Venezuela Mexico probably is the American country with biggest oil reserves, this national product (which has traditionally been the base for a great deal of Mexico´s public spending) is at the middle of a nation-wide criminal conspiracy being the main objective the stealing of the hydrocarbons and their illegal sale for a cheap price to the whole public. The oil-theft business isn´t a novelty in Mexico. A lot of entrepreneurs where involved in the business since the 1990´s in a very organized way. It was an illegal market, but not a very violent one. The oil kings of the 1990´s were businessmen such as Francisco Guizar Pavon, one of the first kings of gas that started working for Pemex in 1974 and by 1990 was a millionaire in Nuevo Leon having created a network of oil thieves comprised by thousands of people (Guizar Pavon was gunned down a few weeks ago in Puebla) These people interacted with local police and corrupted Pemex personnel in order to drain the pipelines through several methods and created a very well developed illegal market where foreign companies (mainly US firms, or foreign entities operating in the US), local businessmen running petrol stations and ordinary citizens found a way of saving a great deal of money at the cost of financing a bunch of pirates and crooks. At some point in time between the end of the 2000´s and the beginning of 2010 the criminal organizations in Mexico started developing a predatory strategy to harvest every single peso they were able to locate. The taxing (through extortion or robbery) of thousands of businesses across Mexico meant a great change for the oil-theft business. The entrepreneurs such as Guizar Pavon were approached by people from Los Zetas/Gulf Cartel and where literally absorbed by these criminal actors which started monopolizing the market.
As you may know the Mexican hydrocarbons have been traditionally exploited by the state-owned company Petroleos Mexicanos (commonly known as Pemex) since President Lazaro Cardenas nationalized the oil industry in the 1930´s. For nearly 60 years Pemex ran the profitable Mexican oil industry (although we could debate about the effectiveness of its management) But during the 1990´s, under the Administrations of Carlos Salinas de Gortari and Ernesto Zedillo, the PRI started dismantling some parts of the state-owned sector of the economy through privatization (a process accelerated after Mexico signed the NAFTA-TLCAN in 1994) As a result the private sector entered the oil-business but not in a directly way. The extraction, channeling, refining and distribution of hydrocarbons was mainly retained by Pemex while surrounding activities such as facilities cleaning, maintenance, building and distribution through gas stations where handed to the private sector through public contracts given by the Government.
In my opinion the oil-theft industry was born during and because of this privatization projects. The introduction of the private sector into such a profitable market led to the raising of private oil-lords, then the market evolved and started to be taxed by the incipient multi-criminal narco organizations (Zetas and CDG mainly) and in the end the whole business was monopolized by criminal organizations (CJNG, CDG, Los Zetas, Cartel de Santa Rosa de Lima, etc)
By the 2000´s the oil-theft industry had diversified in such a degree that the extraction practices became part of some kind of restaurant menu. These practices are the ones still in practice in Mexico by which most of the hydrocarbons are stolen. These practices are the following:
1.- Public pipeline perforation. This practice is the most famous in Mexico and worldwide because it´s simple and is performed publicly with the complicity of bystanders. The criminal organization locates a pipeline, arrives at the location, excavates and perforates it. The result is a massive outflow of the hydrocarbon (mainly refined gasoline or nafta) which comes out in great quantities. In order to cover their acts, the criminal cells, after arriving the first with big containers used for storing the oil contact with literally hundreds of people who had paid them a fixed fee for receiving this information. The people gather by the pipeline with their tiny buckets and decanters and try to steal a few liters (which they´ll sell later to the same criminals) before Pemex personnel arrive to close the leak. Although very popular is common it only accounts for 15% of the total oil being stolen in Mexico and is highly dangerous: tragedies such as those of San Martin Texmelucan or Tlahuelilpan are the proof of the horrendous consequences of what a lighter or static electricity can do during this perforations)
2.- Parallel facilities. This practice consists on renting an ejido or piece of land near a pipeline and building a network of pipes that are connected to the pipeline and directed to an underground basement where a huge deposit drains literally dozens of thousands of liters directly form Pemex facilities. This system is perfect since it´s extremely difficult to detect because the people operating these parallel networks at the same time they´re draining oil are injecting water in the pipeline in order to trick the pressure detection system that interrupts the oil flow if a pressure change inside the pipeline is detected. Only specialists (former Pemex engineers/workers) can build such infrastructure and in doing so must have accomplices inside Pemex.
3.- Oil-theft from Pemex trucks/storage facilities. This system is extremely popular and since the 2000´s has been very useful for criminal organizations because it´s very easy for them to achieve collaboration from Pemex employees, either by the use of force or the use of bribes. In doing so, organized crime is also assisted by the Sindicato de Trabajadores Petroleros de la Republica Mexicana (SNTPRM), the main union in the oil sector, led until 5 months ago by the extremely corrupted Carlos Romero Deschamps.
We must analyze how this third stealing method works since in my opinion Los Metros would be using it for obtaining refined gasoline from Pemex workers/contractors.
Hydrocarbons production and commercialization in Mexico is quite complicated since because of the privatization process has been divided into a multitude of phases, each of them in hands of a different actor who has a lot of incentives for deducting and keeping part of the fuel that is constantly managing. The hydrocarbons being exploited in Mexico du not only comprise crude oil, but also natural gas or shale gas. These hydrocarbons are extracted through the technical infrastructure inside the Pozos de Extraccion (extraction wells) After being extracted they are redirected through pipelines aboard tanker trucks known as pipas to the Refineries where the crude solution is treated and converted into gasoline or other kind of solutions. There are only 6 Refineries in Mexico located in Madero, Minatitlan, Salina Cruz, Salamanca, Tula and Cadereyta Jimenez (although a seventh one will be opened in Tabasco in 2022) From the refineries the refined hydrocarbons are redirected (again through pipelines or trucks) to the Terminales de Abastecimiento y Reparto (Supply and Distribution Terminals) commonly known as TARs. From there the oil is redirected to the rest of Mexico through the pipeline network or to gas stations through tanker trucks. Most of the oil being stolen in Mexico disappears before after leaving the Refineries and before or after leaving the TARs. This is how it can be done:
Sometimes it´s just was simple as building an illegal intake inside the refinery or allowing the pick-ups to enter the complex and be filled with gas/oil. But must of the times the oil-theft happens after the refined hydrocarbons have left the Refineries
Since the entrance of the private sector in the oil industry in the 1990´s the part of refined oil destined for national consumption is sold by private parties through franchises. A Mexican businessman can apply for a Pemex franchise (for which he/she must have contacts and money for bribing) after which he will be granted with a numbered petrol station. Now, this guy must buy the oil being sold from Pemex. He then adds a certain charge (supposedly controlled by Pemex) to the oil price and sells it to the public. Pemex is able to get rid of the refined oil and getting paid a fair price while at the same time the oil price remains more or less stable and private parties can benefit from the national wealth and at the same time free Pemex from managing the selling of oil, apparently. In fact, what happens is the following: Pemex employees, directed by their own labor union and in collusion with the private owners of the gas stations are constantly draining the tank trucks AFTER the leave the TAR stations. For example:
After leaving the TAR station the Pemex truck driver won´t go to the gas station that paid for the gasoline he´s transporting. Instead he´ll go to a place where 10 or 15 pick ups are with big plastic tanks. He´ll give them half of the gasoline and then return to the TAR station where another colluded employee will grant him access to the filling area where he´ll recover the other half of the cargo (on other occasions the truck driver will handle half of the gas to another gas station owned by someone integrating the network) Then he´ll go to the initial gas station, the real client. In the end half of the cargo disappeared in the hands of organized crime without anyone noticing. This system accepts multiple variants: sometimes the half empty tanker truck will arrive at the gas station and be rejected by the owner because there´s gasoline missing. He´ll arrive to the gas station saying that the tank wasn´t filled properly. On other occasions the Pemex truck driver will fill the tank with water, enter the TAR complex, empty the tank wherever, fill it with gas with his accomplices and leave the facilities with the tank filled not with water but with free gasoline.
Which is the place where this kind of practice is extremely common? The answer is Cadereyta, Nuevo Leon. One of the 6 Mexican Pemex Refineries is located in the town of Cadereyta Jimenez. From there the refined hydrocarbons go to two TARs located at Caderyta itself and at Santa Catarina (at eastern Monterrey) From these two TARs the fuel is redirected to the whole country.
According to numerous reports the TAR of Caderyta suffers massive oil theft and Pemex Intelligence Service has repeatedly said that the Caderyta complex is the source of most of the stolen oil being sold in the zone of Reynosa. Now, if we analyze the excel spreadsheet it apparently represents several payments being received for huachicol/stolen oil deliveries in the State of Nuevo Leon. Not surprisingly a certain amount of these deliveries happened in Cadereyta and several towns near Monterrey very famous for being oil theft hubs.
There´s a total of 8 payments all of which refer to deliveries of stolen oil places that do resemble some sort of chain linking all these places to Reynosa, Los Metros´ fiefdom. There´s a delivery being done in a Carretera Nacional (National Highway) that must be the Carretera Federal 40 which literally connects Reynosa with China and Cadereyta (although it could also be Carretera Federal 40D which runs parallel to CF 40) From Cadereyta you only need to head south through Federal 9 to reach Ciudad de Allende where two deliveries of $700,000 MXP each were handed. From Allende you can directly go to Santiago where the Colonia Valle de Santa Rosalia is located and where $450,000 in stolen oil were delivered.
THE HUACHICOL NETWORK ROUTES
From Reynosa to China
From China to Cadereyta (where the Refinery is located)
From Cadereyta to Allende
From Allende to Rosalia
In the end I think that this particular excel spreadsheet is real and if not is based on real data since all the towns being mentioned as places where stolen gasoline was handed to local distributors/clients do resemble a line that is directly connected with Reynosa in the north. All this suggests that Los Metros are able to steal or buy stolen oil from Pemex facilities and then distribute it locally either through gas stations or directly at the street through illegal vendors. This could mean that by this time (2018) Los Metros were in control of part of the huachicoleo networks operating not only in Tamaulipas (where organized crime controls the extraction of natural gas from the Burgos Basin) but also on several parts of Nuevo Laredo which are surrounding one of the biggest Mexican refineries. If they have been able to dominate or penetrate this zone the stolen gas would undoubtedly be a central asset on their portfolio and would be a key to the domination of several related businesses such as gas stations that are extremely numerous all around the area.
In conclusion, although these excel spreadsheets could be a hoax designed by anyone with access to Internet, they present some credible information about the way in which the expenses or Los Metros are conducted. They also provide valuable information about the stolen oil distribution network they would be using and in the end they are a direct evidence of how the management of human life, stolen hydrocarbons, technology and corruption is addressed by organized crime cells in the Frontera Chica: although violence and anarchy apparently prevail in Tamaulipas, we will always be able to find a refined, organized, rational and profit-maximizing economic logic at the end of the tunnel. Only by effectively fighting organized crime finances will any Government be able to start the dismantling of this horrible machine that always needs its daily portion of fear, human flesh and money.
Well, rediogarythm, that's a lot of information, but . . . I've never seen excel sheets that simple for either accounting or projections. I would think at least Quicken. Mexicans are some of the best bankers and accountants in the world, if you watch them count money, or reconcile their ledgers. I'll study this in more depth, but Excel has never been a good replacement for double entry bookkeeping if you even have a recording notepad. I'll get back with you, this is a lot of information to digest that has good historical information. Thanks for the post!
By the way, I have friends in China between Monterrey and Matamoras, I'll try to get their read if I'm able to. They keep coming back to the states, because security is not good back there. The fishing is great, though.
You´re right Parro. Excel is very simple for accounting. But you must take into account that contrary to normal businesses drug trafficking and illicit markets are tranlated into a constant cashflow quite simple to represente. Although you can complicate the issue with a lot of operations that can´t be ketp through excel, local cells do not have to rely on very complicated accounting mechanism. A clear and frugal cash flow could be enough for the matter of reflecting expenses and revenues. The people gathering the cash at the top of the organizations and making it pour through the laundering networks do certainly have to use much more complicated systems given the fact that much of the times they have to take the money out of the country.
By the way. As I said it´s probable that this data is false and has been counterfeited.
Muy bien! I will look at closer since I'm a finance guy. Just strikes me as too simple, but cashflow is interesting. A bloodline to business, as business increases it dries up, through increased payroll, insurance, etc.
A pool that forms when things are not going well I'll respond when I study it more in depth. Interesting analysis though, when times get the roughest the more cash the business has, for a very short instance.
...Wow, thank you for the detail and even if it was compromised of not completely factual, it has elements that are for sure so it paints a picture of the reality.
Also not proven, but I found interesting and something to think about that pertains to the organ trafficking related to MX, here is a recent video on that, again, not vouching for it, but worthy of watching this and others from him:
Feb 2, 2020 - Uploaded by O.G.Shadow Official
Child organ trafficking. O.G.Shadow Official.
Wow that is alot of information to take it, thanks for posting it!
Bro some of this is wrong in the first pic guardias metal y morado means lookouts for miguel aleman and mier guardias is the term we use in tamaulipas for halcones/lookouts like in sinaloa they call them punteros. That means from may 7-14 they payd 87,200 for they lookouts/halcones/guardias each guardia makes around 3500 pesos a week around dollars 175 dollars you divided 87,200 by 175 and that's almost 500 guardias in the city of miguel aleman and mier and the whole ribereña from aleman to mier. In the second pic operitiva is like saying commando los metros is divided in operativa Rojo (reynosa) op.metal (miguel aleman ) op.cromo(camargo) op.morado (mier) those the four major cities on la ribereña theres a whole bunch of small towns in between them and they control them too. So on oct.15 they payd 107,200 to the sicarios aka estakas of miguel aleman and mier each estaka makes 800 dollars biweekly so that equals about 135 sicarios in the cities of aleman and mier .pic 3 and 4 are some what right and yes romeos means walkie talkies or the code number is 3-2 you hear the guardias saying 18 al 3-2 or 18 al romeo means they alert listing to the walkie talkie 18 means alert . Pic 5 is mostly likely fake made by the cops . Idk about pic 6 it might be fake too theres no dates on there and if it is real it's mostly likely about expenses not revuenne the metros was probably buying gas from huachicoleros in nuevo leon or corrupt pemex workers selling them gas for there sicarios to ride around all day patrolling there turf . Made an account just to comment been following bb for a lil over a year. I might comment more about los metros on the cdg 2020 thread
In reply to this post by Parro
I had already seen those pics I think you're miss one where if not mistaken it also had the gasoline expenses it was like 10,000 dollars a week for the sicarios in miguel aleman to patrol the city
You´re certainly right man. I admit the error. Those guardias morados must be halcones or vigias, not police unites attached to the cells. I also think that the organ payroll is fake, but the rest of the info is quite accurate though. In the end I think that this post was highly especulative, my fault on that.
By the way, do you have acces to the picture that is left? I´m really interested on it since I couldn´t find it anywhere.
About the oil issue. It could perfectly reflect expenses instead of revenues as you say. But don´t you think that the quantities are very high? I mean 700,000 MXP are nearly 30,000 USD and in that case they would be literally buying several trucks of oil. If the oil was for supplying local units on the spot then why so great quantities? Again, just speculation.
Thanks for correcting the errors Temp, I really appreciate it.
Wow love your analysis of things!The attention to detail.
In reply to this post by PSBNY619
I've seen this guy before.I think someone posted on here a video or 2 of his maybe a couple of years ago.He's supposed to be an ex Mexican Cartel or what?He mentions Cuidad Juarez and that he is 'in the know.'That room he's in is not a building in Mexico with the popcorn ceiling and brick walls.Also he has no Mexican accent so didn't spend much time there and those eyes are so blue.?????
The metros dont sell huachicol bro that shit is banned here just like selling meth is also banned i remember 10 years ago they used to sell huachicol the same street my grandma lives on , they used to sell it out to the public you pull up in your car and they sell you a 20 liter jug for 120 pesos. I feel like the cdg saw the consequences of fuel theft and let that shit go around 2011 or 12. If the picture is real it's for them cause like I said the metros dont sell it , it might be a lot of fuel but I mean its gonna get used up eventually they be riding all day in them v8 trucks & they eat up gas lol. Great work tho I also liked your other post about the treviños it was really good .
The Gulf Cartel does sell stolen fuel. Perhaps the operation is not as big as in other parts of Mexico (like Guanajuato), but they do sell. I have seen them in the streets before.
The metros fraction dont sell it idk about the others , go to reynosa and ask any regular person where can you buy huachicol and they gonna say that it's not sold here every one knows that here
In reply to this post by Temp
Maybe you´re right when saying that Los Metros don´t sell huachicol in Nuevo Leon, around Monterrey. But as MX says they certainly do sell stolen oil. As far as I know in Reynosa there´s people selling it in the streets, and there´s not a single illegal activity not taxed or controlled by Los Metros in that area (some CDG factions even extract and smuggle natural gas condensate to the US from the Cuenca de Burgos)
Consider also the following. The huachicoleo means oil being sold in the streets to normal people. Maybe Los Metros are buying or stealing oil in Nuevo Leon areas and re-selling it through or to gas stations. This isn´t huachicoleo but just re-selling stolen oil to official distributors.
Thanks...I was not aware that the fuel thefts were sophisticated enough to have method #2. Amazing.
This post was updated on .
In reply to this post by Temp
@Temp: You beat me to it, I was gonna say the same about that ledger being about the estakas of Ribereña.
And please do comment more about CDG on that 2020 thread.
@Redlog: Thorough and excellent work again. I love the way you go into detail. Perhaps you would be interested in going after and expose the various enterprise networks some of these CDG criminals have constructed? I tried to look at it a few years back, and Chivis directed me to a Mexican government site where you can look up ownership etc, but if I remember correctly, you have to request information, which means leaving information about yourself.
I find some of the ledgers interesting, they certainly belongs to the Primito-faction, and they are from before he was ousted, and then reinstated as the king of Ribereña.
Comandante Patotas' real name is Jesus Hernandez Martinez. Isn't Chuy just a nickname for Jesus?
Francisco Javier Longoria aka Comandante Tocayo
Metro 12 Zenon Guadalupe Ortegon AKA Pezon AKA Cero 12
Comandante Pinky is just a cretin under Patotas. Don't know his name.
The metros dont extract fuel or sell it to the public, now buying stolen fuel and reselling to official distributors is possible but that will be like a one man business not the whole fraction itself a comandante with in the metros my have some connections with a huachicolero cell somewhere and purchase some and sell it to a gas station here in reynosa but he will have to let the plaza boss know and pay a fee but that's not every comandantes hustle others have a different way of making money. The metros have a very well financial structure that's why they been around so long just look at pic 2 they paying out almost half a million usd from Oct.15 to Oct. 31(500k in 2 weeks) for 2 of they strongholds only , in middle of a war against panilo,ciclones,escorpiones, cdn and the state police aka furia negra
@Temp: I dunno about illegal gas markets in Reynosa, but at the time, Los Metros were pretty divided, and this is the faction controlling Ribereña, meaning that if the ledger is real, it is unlikely that the product was sold in enemy territory.
Now, recent chatter has it that Primito has support from Cabeza de Vaca, and that they are paying his government for passage of oil and diesel. Apparently Pipiolo Villarreal Santos AKA Comandante Papucho is facilitating it together with notorious former federal police chief Julio Cesar Quezada Leon.
Yeah those pictures came from a contador in charge of miguel aleman and mier since it only has expenses for those cities and no at the time the reynosa fraction and ribereña fraction wasn't to divided I remember back in 2017 one of wero cleofas estakas told me that primito was the the one paying the nomina this pictures are from 2018. I feel like after Toro died and the money that belong to los metros to payout it's people was stolen and there wasn't any money to pay primito step up and payd out his pocket and took the boss roll. Theres an audio of panilo and betitio blame each other for 10 million dollars being stolen that belong to the cartel not toro right after his death. And the huachicol part in my last comment is an example if their was to deal to a gas station it would be a comandante hustle not the whole fraction like I said the metros dont deal with huachicol .
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