A total of 23,101 murder investigations were opened in the first 11 months of this year, surpassing the 22,409 registered in the whole of 2011, figures published on Friday night by the interior ministry showed. The figures go back to 1997.
Pena Nieto took office in December 2012 pledging to tame the violence that escalated under his predecessor Felipe Calderon. He managed to reduce the murder tally during the first two years of his term, but since then it has risen steadily.
At 18.7 per 100,000 inhabitants, the 2017 Mexican murder rate is still lower than it was in 2011, when it reached almost 19.4 per 100,000, the data showed. The rate has also held below levels reported in several other Latin American countries.
According to U.N. figures used in the World Bank's online database, Brazil and Colombia both had a murder rate of 27 per 100,000, Venezuela 57, Honduras 64 and El Salvador 109 in 2015, the last year for which data are available.
The U.S. rate was 5 per 100,000.
Still, Pena Nieto's failure to contain the killings has damaged his credibility and hurt his centrist Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which faces an uphill struggle to hold onto power in the July 2018 presidential election.
The current front-runner in the race, leftist Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, has floated exploring an amnesty with criminal gangs to reduce the violence, without fleshing out the idea.
Mexican newspaper Reforma said on Saturday that after a campaign stop in the central state of Hidalgo on Friday, Lopez Obrador again addressed the issue when asked whether talks aimed at stopping the violence could include criminal gangs.
"There can be dialogue with everyone. There needs to be dialogue and there needs to be a push to end the war and guarantee peace. Things can't go on as before," Reforma quoted Lopez Obrador as saying.
Such a strategy harbors risks for the former Mexico City mayor.
A poll this month showed that two-thirds of Mexicans reject offering an amnesty to members of criminal gangs in a bid to curb violence, with less than a quarter in favor.
The law bars Pena Nieto from seeking re-election.
(Reporting by Diego Ore and Dave Graham; Editing by Andrea Ricci)
Re: Already record murders in Mexico but still better than other Latin American countries
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I don't quite get that amnesty to criminals Obrador proposes?They already do have amnesty to a point. They are free to operate.Is it like wiping the slate clean and next day say if we catch you in a criminal act you are busted?Or would it be like what I believed they did in Columbia with the Cali Cartel where they turned themselves in and just ran their criminal enterprises from jail?I'm kind of thinking an amnesty to the criminals initially, it might decrease the violence but in the long run no, when the impunity levels will go sky high then the Government will be held hostage and the criminals will really rape and pillage the country like you have never seen before!Ask yourself if you could ever see them doing this north of the border?NOT!(because crime is under control for the most part)Is this Obrador's 3rd time in the running for Presidente?Actually the crime amnesty thing won't make any difference come to think of it:rivals will still kill each other so no the violence won't decrease at all.Need a total REALLY expensive overhaul of the justice system because it's too far gone already!
Here's some more stats by Mexican states for murder rate per 100,000.Surprisingly Baja Sur beat out Guerrero at 61/100,000 vs 58/100,000 for Guererro and Baja Sur has a higher murder rate than Baja Norte.(not in numbers as Norte more heavily populated but rate per 100,000).
Numbers increased to a 20year high but the number for homicide per 100.000 is decreasing.i doubt that mx population is growing that fast.
I also belive that we have to add the number of the missing to the homicide numbers.
But Living in a Country with something like 0.05 per 100.000 is like Living on a different planet.